Bible Study

Bible Study Revelation 5

This week’s Bible Study is ready and online. This is the link to the video. The outline in PDF format is available here.

Bible Study Revelation 5

The scroll in God’s right hand:

God’s right hand : His power. (Ex. 15:6,12; Ps. 44:4, 63:9, 118:15, Is 48:13).

The scroll: Ezekiel 2:9 : also written on front and back. God’s warning and judgment announced.

Seven seals: highly secured! Daniel 8:26, 12:4 : visions of the end time. Daniel had to seal/hid them

Revelation 5: the last part of God’s plan, in which He will bring everything to fulfillment.

‘open the scroll’ (2-5): 4 times! Great expectation. All eyes focused on the scroll.

John weeps, because nobody can open it and this will now remain secret. God’s plan can not be executed! Does suffering and persecution have to continue indefinitely?

This is all about God’s plan, not human plans. Only the One appointed by God can do it.

Vs. 5: one of the elders announces Him to John. “Do not weep”.

Lion: his strength, majesty (Gen. 49:9, Jacob’s blessing over Judah),

Tribe of Judah: Fulfillment of Gen. 49:10 : the scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet.

Root of David: Before David was, HE was. He is the origin of David.

One of the elders: Elders are witnesses of God’s deeds in the past.

In the midst of the throne: in the inner circle, right at the throne: before the One seated on the throne. In the centre of the attention.

Lamb: He expects a Lion but sees a Lamb, and as though it had been slain.

The power and strength of the Lion Christ is in His love and meekness. (Meekness: position of strength!).

Lamb: fulfillment of OT prophecy: Passover lamb. Sacrificial lambs.

Seven horns: this Lamb possesses power: horn is a sign of power (Ps. 18:2; 75:4,5,10; 89:17,24; 92:10; 112:9; 132:17; 148:14; Jer 48:25; Lam.2:3,17; Ez. 29:21).

Seven eyes: Seven number of divine completeness: He sees everything.

Seven horns and seven eyes: the seven Spirits of God: the power of the Holy Spirit, watchful all over the earth. His omni-presence again emphasised, in contrast with Satan (Rev. 13)

He has taken the scroll: He has received the authority to open it. (LD 18: through Whom the Father governs all things).

They sang a new song:

Four living creatures, twenty-four elders: entire creation with God’s entire people

Sang a new song:  progress in God’s work of salvation.

Golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints: Gives focus to our prayers!

Prayers will reach God’s throne!


What is the focus of our prayers? Vs. 8 speaks about the prayers of the saints, being part of the worship of God’s people, but also part of God’s plan for the end time. In 6:10 we read again about the prayers of the saints (those who had been slain), then in heaven under the altar, and 8:3 again mentions the prayers of all the saints. What does this teach us about the importance of our prayer and about its focus?

Kings and priests: see Melchizedek (Genesis 14),

Jesus Christ: King and Priest: Lion and Lamb. Makes us kings and priests with Him.

Redeemed us to God: Bought us from slavery to make us kings and priests for God.

Out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation: Four words:  the number for the entire earth

Contrast with Satan, Revelation 13:3.

Those redeemed: purpose is to reign on the earth. Not taken away from this earth. God’s creation being redeemed and renewed.

Many angels around the throne: the creatures in heaven: a multitude that no one can count.

Song of the angels: response to the song of the four creatures and twenty-four elders

seven words: divine fulness. Number seven: heavenly number, used by the angels.

Every creature … all creatures on earth.

Four: heaven (sky), earth, under the earth, sea.

Four is earthly number: All the earth (four corneres)

Four words again: blessing, honor, glory, power.

Three songs become one: Angels take over the words of the first song: worthy and slain.

Creatures on earth take over the words of the angels: blessing, honor, glory, power.

Returns to the four living creatures and twenty-four elders: Amen.

Style form: Chiasm:

A. Heavenly throne room with representatives

B. God’s creatures in heaven

B. God’s creatures on earth  

A. Throne room in heaven with representatives.


This passage teaches us that our worship does not stand on its own. When we sing our songs for God, we join this entire creation and the angels in heaven in glorifying the Lamb. What does this mean for the quality and the contents of the songs which we sing, both in the worship services and outside of it?

5 thoughts on “Bible Study Revelation 5

  1. Maybe you could give some explanation or elaboration on these chapters where we have distinctly different entities of the one God present at the same place. We confess one God – and biblically so – yet there is One seated on the throne (described in ch 4 – in human language?) and then there appears the Lamb. How do we see this?

    1. God is being shown in these chapters in symbols. In ch. 4 in the colours of the precious stones.
      Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit are also shown in symbols, resp. as the Lamb and the Seven horns and eyes here in ch. 5, seven burning torches in ch. 4.

      Here in ch 5 we see the Lamb, Jesus Christ, but He has seven horns and seven eyes: that is the Spirit. The Spirit and the Son are One. That also is mentioned in 3:1 : He Who has the seven spirits.
      Also the Seven Spirits are before the throne and are part of it. They are called the Seven Spirits of God.

      We must keep in mind that in Revelation we are constantly dealing with symbols, which express certain things within their context, and we should not read something into symbols which they do not have. I believe we should therefore also be reluctant to seek in this proof for the trinity. We know from the Bible about the Trinity and with that knowledge we have to understand these visions with the different symbols for God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

      This is it for now. I will keep this in mind for the following chapters, probably I will be able to say a few more things about this at later chapters.

  2. Comment through text message with the request to elaborate on the comparison between Christ first redeeming out of the whole world versus what we read in Rev. 13:3.

    Here in ch. 5 we read about those who are redeemed from all tribes and tongues and peoples and nations, that is from all the earth. In Rev. 13 we read that the whole earth marveled as they followed the beast. However, in ch. 5 we already see that the believers are redeemed from the earth. They therefore are not part of the whole earth which marvels at the beast. The redeemed believers are the ones who will reign over the earth, as is being said in ch. 5, but the whole world in ch. 13 is on their way to eternal destruction. That is what the book of Revelation makes clear and that is what we know now already, and in that we see again the contrast between Jesus Christ and Satan. Satan tries to copy Jesus Christ by ‘redeeming’ the whole world to himself, but the end of that people of his, is not that they will reign on the earth, but they will be destroyed.

  3. I agree that verse 8 shows the importance of our prayers for the coming of the Lord and the worship of our Heavenly Father. But that would be only part of the content of our prayer. The Lord’s Prayer teaches us what and how to pray. It includes “Your Kingdom come” and “Hallowed be Your name” however it also encourages us to pray for our own daily needs.

    1. Yes, it encourages us to pray for our own daily needs, but the Lord Jesus also says that we should first seek God’s Kingdom and His righteousness and all these things will be added to you as well (Matt. 6). What our needs are, is determined by what our task is in God’s kingdom. We certainly must pray for our needs, because with that we show that we depend on God. But we should not pray for our desires, if we don’t need it for God’s kingdom but it is only for ourselves. Our life is part of God’s work to gather His people and as such we must constantly be focused on glorifying and praising Him, together with all creatures in heaven and on earth. Having this in mind lifts us up out of this earthly life of sin and sorrow, and gives us an eternal perspective, also if it comes to our needs.

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